Parkinson’s Disease – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Methods

Parkinson’s Disease is a disease mostly affecting middle-aged and elderly people characterized by tremors and rigid, slow movement. It is also known as PD or Parkinson disease. Early symptoms of PD are subtle and occur gradually. Parkinson’s disease belongs to a group of conditions called movement disorders. The disease is both chronic, meaning it persists over a long period of time, and progressive, meaning its symptoms grow worse over time. Parkinson’s disease was named after Scottish physician James Parkinson, who published a description of the condition. Cardinal features include resting tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia, and postural instability. In some people the disease progresses more quickly than in others. It is characterized by muscle rigidity, tremor, a slowing of physical movement ( bradykinesia ), and in extreme cases, a loss of physical movement ( akinesia ). PD usually affects people over the age of 50. The risk of PD increases with age, so analysts expect the financial and public health impact of this disease to increase as the population gets older. In Parkinson’s, cells are destroyed in part of the brain stem – the substantia nigra, which sends out fibers to the corpus stratia, gray and white bands of tissue in both sides of the brain. Parkinson’s disease is called idiopathic Parkinson’s because the cause is unknown. In the other forms of parkinsonism, a cause is known or suspected.

Causes of Parkinson’s disease

The common causes and risk factor’s of Parkinson’s disease include the following:

The exact cause of Parkinson’s disease is not known.

Pesticides or other chemicals.

A combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Environmental toxins.

Proximity to industrial plants or quarries.

Exposure to an environmental toxin. .

Having one or more close relatives with Parkinson’s.

Symptoms of Parkinson’s disease

Some sign and symptoms related to Parkinson’s disease are as follows:

Loss of automatic movements.

Fatigue.

Difficulty swallowing.

Nightmares.

Depression.

Micrographia (small, cramped handwriting).

Difficulty walking or buttoning clothes.

Tremor.

Slowed motion (bradykinesia).

Treatment of Parkinson’s disease

Here is list of the methods for treating Parkinson’s disease:

Parlodel is a useful drug for Parkinson’s disease.

Tolcapone

Pramipexole.

Trihexyphenidyl.

Selegiline (Eldepryl): This drug, used with or without carbidopa-levodopa therapy, helps prevent the breakdown of both naturally occurring dopamine and dopamine formed from levodopa.

Other treatment approaches, including general lifestyle modifications (rest and exercise), physical therapy, speech therapy, will be covered in Maintaining Optimal Wellness.

Various forms of surgical treatment are available to control movement disorders when medications are ineffective.

Pancreatic Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

Pancreatic cancer: Malignancy of the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer has been called a “silent” disease because early pancreatic cancer usually does not cause symptoms. If the tumor blocks the common bile duct and bile cannot pass into the digestive system, the skin and whites of the eyes may become yellow (jaundiced), and the urine darker as a result of accumulated bile pigment called bilirubin.

Pancreatic Cancer Causes

The exact as to what damages DNA in the vast majority of cases of pancreatic cancer is not clear. In other words the exact pancreatic cancer causes are not clear. But it is known that a small percentage of people develop the disease as a result of a genetic predisposition. These people who have a close relative, such as a parent or sibling, with pancreatic cancer have a higher risk of developing pancreatic cancer themselves.

Age: is also a factor to be considered which increases the incidence of the disease. As age increases the probability of pancreatic cancer also increases. The incidence of Pancreatic Cancer is relatively low in individuals up to age 50, after which it increases significantly. The age group 65 – 79 has the highest incidence of Pancreatic Cancer.

Pancreatic Cancer Symptoms

In many cases, pancreatic cancer symptoms do not occur until the advanced stages. When pancreatic cancer symptoms do occur, they are often ignored because they are so vague and nonspecific. The first pancreatic cancer symptoms are usually pain in the abdomen and weight loss. Additional pancreatic cancer symptoms to look for include jaundice, fatigue, dizziness, weakness, diarrhea, chills, and muscle spasms.

Many of these pancreatic cancer symptoms are the result of a less serious ailment. However, only a doctor can accurately diagnosis whether or not your pancreatic cancer symptoms are the result of cancer.

Pain

Pancreatic cancer can cause pain and discomfort in your upper abdomen, which sometimes spreads to your back. At first, the pain may come and go, but as the cancer becomes larger, and more advanced, you may find that the pain is more constant, and lasts for longer.

The pain pancreatic cancer causes is often worse when you are lying down or eating. This type of pain tends to affect people whose tumour has formed in either the body or tail of the pancreas.

Pancreatic Cancer Treatment:

This cancer is difficult to diagnose because there are no symptoms in the early stages and because , when symptoms appear, they match other diseases. Depending on the stage and location of the cancer, surgery, chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy may be used. If the cancer has not spread beyond the pancreas, therapy can be successful, but, as stated earlier, it’s very unlikely to find pancreatic cancer in the early stages. In later stages, often the therapy concentrates on the comfort of the patient.

Obstruction of bile flow may be temporarily relieved by placement of a tube (stent) in the lower portion of the duct that drains bile from the liver and gallbladder. In most cases, however, the tumor eventually obstructs the duct above and below the stent. An alternative treatment method is the surgical creation of a channel that bypasses the obstruction. For example, an obstruction of the small intestine can be bypassed by a channel that connects the stomach with a portion of the small intestine that is beyond the obstruction.

Vasovagal Syncope – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Methods

“Vasovagal syncope” is the term given to describe sudden unexplained fainting attacks. There are a number of different syncope syndromes which all fall under the umbrella of vasovagal syncope. In patients with vasovagal syncope (also called Fainting), the initial cardiovascular response to an upright posture appears to be relatively normal. Vasovagal Syncope affects patients of all ages, both with and without other medical conditions, and has a broad number of causes. It is valuable to assess the relative contribution of cardioinhibition and vasodepression before embarking on treatment as there are different therapeutic strategies for the two aspects. Vasovagal syncope is triggered by a stimulus that results in an exaggerated and inappropriate response in the part of your nervous system that regulates involuntary body functions, including heart rate and blood flow. Vasovagal syncope is often preceded by a rise in blood pressure and heart rate, followed by widening of the vessels and a drop in blood pressure.

People with vasovagal syncope typically have recurrent episodes, usually when exposed to a specific trigger. The initial episode often occurs when the person is a teenager, then recurs in clusters throughout his or her life. The most common cause of fainting is due to vasovagal syncope. Common triggers of vasovagal syncope include standing for long periods, dehydration, the sight of blood, coughing, urination, having a bowel movement and emotional distress. With accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment, Vasovagal syncope can be resolved in most patients. Moreover, in patients with heart problems, Vasovagal syncope may be a warning sign for a impending sudden death. Vasovagal syncope is not a serious or life threatening condition, but in effect an abnormal reflex. In many patients the condition is linked with physical or emotional trauma. Fainting is common, and treatment is unnecessary in most cases.

Causes of Vasovagal syncope

The common causes and risk factor’s of Vasovagal syncope include the following:

Vasovagal syncope most often happens to people in stressful or painful situations that causes them Anxiety, for example, when having blood drawn or receiving an injection.

Certain prescription medications, such as some high blood pressure medicines that cause your blood pressure to drop.

Alcohol use or drug use, or both.

Having a bowel movement (especially if straining).

Organic heart disease.

Patients who suddenly and unexpectedly lose consciousness can be injured.

Symptoms of Vasovagal syncope

Some symptoms related to Vasovagal syncope are as follows:

Nausea and rarely vomiting can precede episodes.

Pale appearance to your skin.

Feeling of warmth.

Dizziness.

Sweating or blurring of vision before the fainting attack.

Lightheadedness.

Yawning.

Difficulty hearing or ringing in your ears.

Treatment of Vasovagal syncope

Here is list of the methods for treating Vasovagal syncope:

Occasionally, a doctor may prescribe medications called beta blockers, which may diminish the chance that triggers will cause vasovagal syncope.

In some patients with more frequent symptoms, nonpharmacologic measures may be adequate.

If fainting is involved, then lying down with elevation of the legs and removal of the offending stimulus will rapidly restore consciousness. If there are no contraindications, a diet with more salt may be beneficial.

There are certain orthostatic training exercises which have been proven to improve symptoms in people with recurrent vasovagal syncope.

Occasionally, a pacemaker, radiofrequency ablation, or orthostatic training may be required.

Who Else Wants to Lose Weight in the New Year?

Each new year is a time of reflection for what you would like to
do differently in order to have desired outcomes. Perhaps the most
popular change that people want to make is to lose weight.
Everybody
wants the magic bullet. Our culture expects quick fixes. Sadly, when
quick changes happen, they don’t last long term. See the diets, amazing
ab machines, magic pills or fat-burners for what they are. Save your
money and time on all these quick-fix products… they only create false
hopes.
Lose Weight

You probably already know what you need to do yet…
you’re not doing it! Here is the problem with thinking you know
everything. If you were told you should drink more water or eat more
vegetables, your first response might be… “I know that.”

You
instantly shut down your brain when you have heard something before,
especially when it involves a behavior change and leaving your comfort
zone.

Without being receptive to the learning, a behavioral change
will not happen. Change requires not being you. Tell yourself: “If I
have to change, I need to stop being me.” You are capable of not being
you, but you need to learn how… in consistent small doses over time.
That’s how habits change, and ultimately results occur.
The
stories you don’t always hear or want to hear about the people who
create long-term success, is they got out of their comfort zone, stayed
focused, and changed. When they had a setback, they did not stay
immobilized, they got up and got back on track.

What keeps these people so driven and how can you create that “do whatever it takes mindset”?
It
is important to see the big picture of where you want to be, but your
focus should be on what you can do now to get to the next step.

You
can see and feel significant change and results in 12 weeks. Those
results will fuel wanting more success. This is how an unstoppable
mindset and lasting habits are created. When that happens, true learning
takes place.

Ask yourself, “What do I already ‘know’ about my
health that I am not changing?” You are capable of your weight loss goal
for the new year. Don’t be afraid to seek help. You don’t need to do it
alone, in fact having a reliable accountability partner will increase
your chances for success exponentially. Be willing to be flexible… and
open to learning.

.

Sigmoid Colon Cancer – The Symptoms and Treatments

Sigmoid colon cancer is often a malignancy of a sigmoid colon, the S-processed portion of the big intestine that connects the descending colon within the rectum. Colorectal cancers, or maybe sigmoid colon cancer, are the second most deadly sort of cancer, in response to the National Cancer Institute. The institute estimates that roughly 147,000 new cases are recognized every year, while the annual death rate from colorectal cancers hovers near  50,000.

Function; Like all segments of the gastrointestinal system, the sigmoid colon plays its own unique role in our bodies’s overall digestive and excretory processes. Stool is stored with this portion of the massive intestine “until a ‘mass movement’ [muscular contraction] empties it into the rectum a couple of times each day,” along with the Cleveland Clinic Health System.

Symptoms; Cancer of the sigmoid colon, as with other different colorectal cancer, often has few, if any, symptoms in its early stages. So an lack of symptoms isn’t indication that cancer seriously isn’t present. But it, possible symptoms of this way of cancer include blood in the stool, diarrhea, a bowel obstruction, narrow stools and unexplained anemia and/or weight loss.

Significance; Because sigmoid cancer is frequently asymptomatic, particularly during its early stages, one must always schedule regular examinations with the intention that no problems have residential. This sort of examination is called a sigmoidoscopy, but it is done to a scope that has the doctor with a close-up investigate the linings of an sigmoid colon and rectum.

Considerations; If the sigmoidoscopic examination reveals a polyp or other unusual growth in a very lower portion of an colon, a tissue sample are usually taken and sent of your laboratory for microscopic evaluation. The effects is without question returned to a medical professional, who will pass them along to you. If the biopsy results are negative since the presence of malignant tissue, after this you’re inside of a clear, not less than until your next exam. If the test indicates the presence of cancer, your medical professional will recommend a course of treatment.

Types; Sigmoid colon cancer is assessed by stages, each of which is set by the size on the tumor involved understanding that degree to which they have penetrated the affected tissue. Stage 1 cancer is characterized by one or more small tumors who have not yet penetrated the mucosal layer of an colon’s lining. In stage 2 cancer, the tumors are a little larger and have penetrated the muscle wall of an sigmoid colon. Stage 3 cancer indicates the presence of even larger malignant growths understanding that reach of cancerous cells to nearby lymph nodes.

Treatment; Surgery is the traditional method of treatment for all stages of sigmoid colon cancer. For those who have stage 1 or 2 cancer, surgery is attain be a common mode of treatment. And see if the disease has progressed to stage 3, surgery need to be taken by radiation and/or chemotherapy to kill or retard the growth of cancer cells who have spread beyond the colon.